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Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound is dampened on its pathway to the inner ear. This type of hearing loss can often be corrected medically or surgically.

Possible causes of conductive hearing loss:

  • Impacted earwax (cerumen)
  • Ear infection (otitis media)Fluid in the middle ear from colds
  • Scarring on the eardrum from repeat infections or ear surgery
  • Allergies
  • Poor eustachian tube function
  • Hole in the eardrum
  • Swimmer’s ear
  • Foreign object that is stuck in the ear canal
  • Absence or malformation of the outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear
  • Damage to the tiny bones (ossicles) in the middle ear
  • Benign tumors

Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when there is a problem with the sensory cells in the inner ear or along the pathway from the inner ear to the brain or in the brain. This type of hearing loss often cannot be reversed. Hearing aids are usually very helpful for this type of loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss is commonly caused by:

  • Presbyacusis (Age-related hearing loss)
  • Exposure to loud noises over time
  • Exposure to a sudden and unexpected loud noise
  • Heard injury
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Use of certain medicines or dugs
  • Childhood infections, such as meningitis, mumps, scarlet fever, and measles
  • Meniere’s disease

 

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